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BAGHDAD - Hussein al-Tamimi Tgb
Continuing claims economists towards the activation of the human development sector, which represents the main requirements to achieve economic recovery in all world economies, without exception, as the process of scientific development and technological taking place in the fields of life, elements of the basic human skills that run continuously in the laboratory and project field for the development of sectors of the countries, it which is understood by all economists inside Iraq, and this led the Institute of economic reform to work to pay the subject of special importance through the studies prepared in this direction and seminars that dealt with the matter carefully, and Akherha symposium was the development goals for the third millennium in Iraq, which stood at the importance of human development in the economic life.
Dr. Ibrahim al-Jaafari told (morning) on the sidelines of his participation in the seminar that all the nations interested in building the human, where it realizes how important the advancement of the human being to levels that make it a human being positive within the community and able to be productive, pointing to the importance of the adoption of steps Hadtha advancement of human capacity , especially as the international schools throughout history, mostly focused on the role of rights and development, and the reflection of building rights on the advancement of infrastructure which is the most important elements of construction, which lays the foundations for a promising future in the economy, pointing out that human development can not be exercised over me, but begin a journey to influence and build since childhood. Here we have to work to provide an appropriate environment for this approach. Indicating that the child was influenced by his surroundings, who lives in it and here ought to be the adoption of appropriate climate for the advancement of the human being. As for Dr. Kamal Al-Basri has noted in his study, which was thrown on his behalf that the reality of the education sector does not have sufficient funding, which should be the top priority of the development plan, and through financial consultants from the Ministry of Education and Higher Education for the period 2006 - 2011, we find it low, ranging between 4 percent and 10 percent of public spending. To illustrate the poor distribution of allocations for 2011 it is necessary to make a comparison between the allocations of other countries such as Algeria, Saudi Arabia, amounting to 20 percent and 25 percent (respectively), which states do not suffer from deterioration and the collapse of the infrastructure as is the case in Iraq. In the treatment of poor infrastructure confirmed study that requires increased investment allocations (which has not happened in the budget in 2012 was allocated to the education sector accounted for 9.8 percent), which requires approval of government's priority of education as a sector, the most important and influential in the development of other sectors (all sectors of agricultural and industrial goods and services require the development of generations able to deal with the development of the global technological and administrative). The lifting of investment allocations can be done to give the form of priority in the planning of the investment budget, and through contracts with specialized companies on credit and pay a formula approved in many countries (contracts for private sector participation for the year). The government also can activate the role of the private sector in education. There are mechanisms to increase the efficient use of financial allocations by opening up competition among educational institutions to get the necessary funding for the development and upgrading (as is the case in Britain, for example). This requires that the government provides a financial allocation for each individual who wishes to study (and in the controls) and the student will be Mgira to enter the public school or private. The presence of such an allocation creates competition between the units of study to attract the necessary number of students, and that this competition thus leads to improved performance and efficiency of the modules.
And on the study to address the situation of poverty and deprivation as well as the deterioration of the infrastructure of educational institutions confirmed that it is no problem of poverty was an important factor in the weakness to continue stages of study (or leak some of the schools). For the purpose of verifying whether there was a relationship between the economic factor and the leakage of study, were utilized to survey data Economic Institute of the Iraqi economic reform referred to as the division of families, according to the per capita share of the salary of the family monthly (one thousand dinars) into five categories according to the share of the individual.
The researcher said the economic d. Qusai Al Jabri The concept of human development that human beings are the real wealth of nations, and that human development is the process of expanding the choices human beings. These options are the human right of that is the content of human development, the other face of human rights and the enhanced status of human security and then the maintenance of human dignity. He pointed out that the most prominent challenges the goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger is the security challenge is the first challenge facing efforts to alleviate poverty and it is linked to investment flows into Iraq, which provides more job opportunities that the government can not provide. The second challenge is the financial and administrative corruption rampant in the institutions of the Iraqi state, where the government is unable to stand in front of the tyranny of corruption. According to the indicators of international recognition, the index of corruption in Iraq in 2007 was 1.5, where Iraq comes in ranked eighth session (penultimate) ranked 178 in the Arab world. In addition to the government's inability to provide an environment for driving growth in the countryside is one of the important challenges facing the government. Also, the lack of clear government policy to create jobs for the unemployed appropriate McCann, both of them in rural or urban areas is one of the challenges facing the poverty alleviation strategy in Iraq. Double the capacity of the Iraqi economy is an important challenge of the challenges associated with stimulating investment, thereby providing jobs for the unemployed.
With regard to the proposed policies and enhanced the progress in the percentage of completion of the Millennium Goals in Iraq called for building strategic long-term national peace and build approach to development based on the right through the integration of the standards contained in international instruments on human rights in national development strategies and translate them in the priorities of the objectives of the federal budget so as to push the process sustainable human development in Iraq to the Imam. As well as promote the principle of national partnership to expand the base of partnership in development and through the involvement of more partners of national and private groups missing them as organizations of civil society and marginalized groups in the economy and the poor after building their capacity in order to ensure that they can to join a key development partners (government, private sector, institutions International). Faculty and policies to ensure balanced economic growth momentum and ensure the effectiveness of macroeconomic policies in pushing the economic growth rate has to be a combination of ingredients is to provide a system of government in favor and Rashid (governance). And sectoral policies with appropriate and balanced to give distinct attention to the agricultural sector because it ensures food security and generate employment opportunities to absorb unemployment, especially in the countryside and reduce poverty. And a favorable climate to encourage private sector investment and foreign. In addition to the policy of distributive fair goal to reduce disparities in income distribution, the reform of the structure of public spending in the federal budget for capital expenditures and access to 40 percent of the total public spending, in 2014, and as stated in the National Development Plan, and to seek to translate outcomes of the strategy of poverty alleviation to reality in Iraq to ensure sustainable growth.
He said Jabri also launched the importance of these trends by providing a framework for the renewal of work and strive towards accelerating the progress made in achieving the Millennium Development Goals, Vtgosai facts and stand on the achievements and discuss the challenges and ways to overcome them is itself a terminal articulated in order to stimulate the release of political commitment to new and raise work and the collective effort to be exerted over the next five years in order to reach rates of targeting and perpetuated, and it is this study as a tool to raise awareness of the economic, social and political as they indicate and illuminate at the same time, political commitments and economic and social government should Bsulttaha legislative and executive branches to take. D. Fulfillment of James Baldwin Professor at the Faculty of Business and Economics alerted to a very important issue related to globalization, which contributed to globalization in the deeper unity of disparities between nations and individuals, and perhaps the globalization of terrorism and the globalization of economic crisis and the globalization of class struggles and the globalization of environmental degradation and the globalization of poverty among the more facts an explanation to the decline in the achievements of development and the increasing numbers of poor to reach the 1.2 billion people still live on less than one dollar a day and 2.8 billion people live on less than $ 2 per day, came the development goals for the third millennium to reflect the human right to development, announces its direct generations of the three human rights contained covenants international, that are committed by all States without implying those instruments to do this is not legally binding, but it adds a political dimension to all States as well as a moral dimension to respect human beings and dignity, and concluded by saying the importance of the Millennium Development Goals focus the scope of the following areas including the shift in question human rights framework of national sovereignty narrow to accept the principle of universality in the framework of international cooperation, and stimulate growth and activation mechanisms of the strategy of poverty alleviation, and re-prioritization of targets in the programs and national development plans, and to address the effects of globalization and economic crises, as well as laying the foundations for international cooperation.
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