Air Navigation.. An agreement that enhances Iraq’s role in air traffic towards Europe and roles that invest in technologies
Investigations and Reports 23-05-2022, 12:44
Baghdad - INA - Muhammad Salim
Photography: Hussein Ammar
, the General Company for Air Navigation Services, one of the formations of the Ministry of Transport, confirmed that an agreement had been reached with Emirati airlines allowing the use of Iraq’s airspace for flights to Europe, and while it explained its details and practical roles that invest advanced technologies, it announced the completion of 80 completion % of the construction works of Karbala International Airport, stressing that it will turn into an international transit station.
The technical assistant to the Director General of the General Company for Air Navigation Services, Director of the Control Tower, Wissam Samir Al-Asadi, said in an interview conducted by the Iraqi News Agency (INA), that "Karbala International Airport, whose completion rate exceeded 80%, will be a very important international transit station for planes transiting to the Gulf or to other countries." Europe".
The services provided
and Al-Asadi added that "the services provided by air navigation start from the ground until leaving the destination, as well as many procedures that are used for the arrival of the plane to the intended airport in terms of converting the plane from the control tower unit after a height of three thousand feet to the approach unit and after the height to 23 thousand Foot turns into the unit of the area down to the intended airport and vice versa.
In talking about cases of airspace penetration and the procedures followed in the event that this occurs, the Director of the Control Tower, Wissam al-Asadi, clarified that “there are no planes penetrating Iraqi airspace, and the work of air navigation is joint with civil and military planes, and while there was any penetration from military planes, we have contact with The concerned authorities, through liaison officers affiliated to the Air Force and Air Defense, are notified of a violation.
As for civil aircraft, there are approvals obtained from the Air Transport Facility Division to obtain their permission to cross, enter and exit Iraqi airspace.
And regarding the classification of the level of risk in air traffic control
, Al-Asadi pointed out that “this work is classified as the third most dangerous profession in the world, and the error rate in it must be zero, because any error exposes aircraft to major disasters that harm the safety of passengers and crew, as well as compensation estimated in millions of dollars.
This issue may also cause a crisis between the two countries, as the error rate at the air traffic controller is zero percent, "stressing at the same time that
Iraqi air navigation cadres are subject to several intensive training inside and outside Iraq and follow the instructions and laws of the World Aviation Organization."
For his part, the Director of the Air Traffic Department, Ali Abbas Shaalan, spoke to the Iraqi News Agency (INA), about a new agreement with the UAE airlines, noting that the Emirati companies had been using Iraqi airspace for more than 10 years from the Gulf and to European countries and vice versa, and the
UAE company was warning against crossing Over the airspace of the second corridor that goes to Ankara, and after the agreements concluded with the Operations Division and the Unit of the Region and with the International Civil Aviation Organization and coordination with it, there was a preliminary approval for the transit of Emirati flights over Iraqi airspace as a preliminary approval on the second line (Kuwait - Ankara)
Shaalan said that "there are technical obstacles facing the work of air navigation, the most important of which is the installation of new devices in areas that are not fully secured, as we face difficulty in installing radars or navigational devices specialized in the work of the company that helps in radar detection of transiting or descending planes in Iraqi airspace, and this is the most important technical problem facing the work of air navigation.
Staff and training
The Director of the Air Traffic Department explained that "the air navigation cadres have undergone courses and trainings outside Iraq, as well as internal courses that took place at the Civil Aviation Institute of the Aviation Authority," noting that
these courses make the trainee a specialist until he begins to work in the navigation profession and then undergoes practical training in Navigation room until the trainee reaches a stage that qualifies him for field work.