Muthanna joins the Iraqi oil provinces
River Bin Omar field north of the Basra port in southern Iraq. "AFP"
Economy News - Baghdad
For the first time since the establishment of the Iraqi oil sector at the beginning of the last century, the Iraqi state is heading to discover oil deposits in the Muthanna Governorate, which is one of the poorest provinces in the country, according to official Iraqi statistics.
There is an oil refinery in the governorate that was established since the 1970s, destroyed in the Desert Storm war in 1991 and rehabilitated in two stages before 2003, bringing its current production to 30,000 barrels, in addition to a part of the strategic pipeline to transport oil from Basra fields to the center and west of the country.
Despite the existence of these facilities, the governorate has not witnessed, during the past decades, a real effort to uncover oil deposits to enter the governorates producing it, with the exception of limited attempts to seismic survey of the "Salman field" close to the Saudi border, and the joint "Irido" with the province of Dhi. Qar, whose reserves are estimated by the governorate administration at about eight billion barrels.
Exploration Board 12
In a move to annex Muthanna to the Iraqi oil provinces, the Ministry of Oil signed a contract with the Russian "Bashneft" oil company to discover the oil block 12 between Muthanna and Najaf, with the aim of increasing the Iraqi oil reserves.
The Undersecretary for Extraction Affairs Karim Hattab said in a statement that "the contract aims to estimate the carbon resources and the exploratory image of the oil block 12 with the aim of increasing oil and gas production and providing job opportunities for the people of the two governorates."
For his part, Director General of the Oil Exploration Company, Nashwan Muhammad Nuri, said, “The Russian company has allocated two teams to carry out the seismic survey process in the governorates of Muthanna and Najaf to prepare a detailed study of the geological structure and determine the structural image of the “Salman” field, indicating that “the company with its human and technical capabilities and expertise will move forward. In seismic surveys to support the national economy and increase oil and gas reserves."
New plans of exploration
In turn, the spokesperson for the Ministry of Oil, Assem Jihad, said, "The ministry has strategic plans and projects to develop the exploration blocks, which are implemented by the national effort in cooperation with international companies."
He added that the ministry is seeking to raise the treasury hydrocarbon energies and oil and gas reserves to high levels, in order to raise Iraq's global position.
The former governor of Muthanna, Ahmed Salal, indicates that there are good results in the size of the oil deposits in the governorate, which, if invested, will improve the living conditions of its residents.
He added that "the initial results shown by the companies regarding the size of the oil deposits bode well for the governorate, which will positively affect the economic situation of the province to be an oil province, in addition to its role in the cement industries."
Al-Muthanna Governorate tops the list of Iraqi production of cement of all kinds, because it contains the raw materials represented by limestone in large quantities, and it has succeeded in attracting capital to establish giant factories whose annual production is estimated at about 6 million tons.
The Badia of Al-Muthanna is currently witnessing a series of investments in the agricultural sector and animal production, and the establishment of factories for food products relying on good stocks of groundwater.
Salal added that the discoveries are concentrated in blocks 10 and 12, and these exploration blocks are located on the borders of the governorates of Najaf and Dhi Qar.
Therefore, they will benefit these two governorates, pointing out that “the samples that have been tested indicate a high feasibility in oil production in The governorate, and we hope that it will have a quick response to the economic situation of the people."
He also talked about the existence of other advantages that enhance the governorate's role as a productive governorate, including its geographical location, which is located at the intersection of pipelines transporting crude oil and its derivatives.
The most important thing that distinguishes Al-Muthanna from other central and southern governorates bordering the border with Saudi Arabia is the port of Al-Jumaymah closest to its capital, Samawah, which is 250 kilometers away from it, while the rest of the cities are further from the Saudi border, and it does not have a direct paved road to these borders.
Investigate the boundaries of the field
The oil expert, Hamza Al-Jawahiri, says that what the Ministry of Oil is doing is to investigate the dimensions, quantities and borders of the field, pointing out that Russian companies have many oil businesses inside Iraq, including the Kurdistan region.
Al-Jawahiri added that "there are several oil companies operating in Iraq in various oil business. We have the Russian" Luke Oil "company operating in the West Qurna 2 field, in addition to some other oil business for Russian companies in the Kurdistan region.
He indicates that what the Russian company is doing is an investigation of the field’s borders, the extent of its extension, the quantities and quality of crude oil present in it, and that the decision to develop the field is linked to the Iraqi Ministry of Oil, revealing that the licensing rounds have increased the process of producing crude oil, in addition to the production achieved as a result of the national effort, and that the focus is It will be on developing gas fields.
The licensing rounds succeeded in raising Iraqi oil production, which reached its lowest stage in 2007 by 1.5 million barrels, to reach 5 million barrels per day after these companies undertook a comprehensive development process of Iraqi oil fields in the south of the country in various aspects of this sector, production, export and extraction. With harsh criticism, because of its high costs and the impact of this on Iraq's annual oil revenues.
Since 2009, Iraq has signed a series of contracts with international oil companies to develop its fields in the southern and central regions of the country, focusing on the governorates of Basra, Maysan, Wasit and Dhi Qar, and then expanded to explore new oil reserves in the governorates of Muthanna, Najaf and Anbar.
Source: The Independent
Number of observations 77 Date of addendum 04/21/2021