Readings 392 Section: File and Analysis 2021/04/19 23:35
Iraq burns 17 billion cubic meters of gas annually .. a country that squanders wealth and then imports it !!!
Baghdad / The Obelisk: A report published by the British Independent newspaper, INDEPENDENT, reported that the burning of gas associated with the extraction of oil in Iraq poses an imminent threat to the health of those living in the neighborhood, causing asthma, lung and skin diseases and cancer.
The report stated that Iraq is one of the countries most practicing these operations in the world, and Basra is the most affected region in the country. Residents have denounced the seriousness of this daily practice that kills children, the elderly and the vulnerable.
Chimneys illuminate the night sky as they pump out greenhouse gases like methane as well as air pollutants - including nitrous oxide (nitrogen dioxide), sulfur dioxide and soot - that can cause countless health problems for everyone who breathes them.
According to the latest data from the World Bank, Iraq burns more than 17 billion cubic meters of gas annually, ranking second after Russia. The resulting CO2-equivalent emissions are equivalent to about 10% of total global emissions.
Energy analyst Ali Al-Saffar, from the International Energy Agency, describes the situation in Iraq as catastrophic, and says that instead of this gas playing a role in meeting the country's electricity needs, Iraq is among the few countries that burn gas and import it at the same time.
Al-Saffar added that academic studies indicate that the average temperature of Iraq is rising by two to 7 times compared to the global average, which threatens the country to exacerbate the problem of drought and water scarcity.
A researcher with the Dutch peace organization PAX and a contributor to the investigative journalism website "Bellingcat", Wim Zwijnenberg, said that Basra (southern Iraq) alone burns more gas than Saudi Arabia, China, India and Canada, because it is home to the Rumaila oil field - the third largest oil field in the world - warning against Basra will be uninhabitable for the next ten years.
The report pointed out that the cruel irony lies in the fact that many people suffer from the combustion of gas associated with the extraction of oil, while Iraq suffers from major power outages, and imports gas from abroad to run its electrical stations.
He added that in 2009, the giant oil company Shell estimated the wasted gas as it could produce 3,500 megawatts per day, or nearly 70% of Iraq's daily electricity production.
The authorities promised to stop all associated gas burning operations by 2022, so that it would be used as an operator for power plants, but officials of the Environment Ministry in Basra admit that the date has been postponed to 2025.