A specialized academic clarifies in numbers Iraq’s need for gas and what it imports from Iran
463 Economy 12/28/2020 12:07
Baghdad Today- Follow-up
The economist and professor at Basra University, Nabil Al-Marsoumi, revealed on Monday (December 28, 2020) the amount of gas that Iraq needs to generate electric power, and the possibility that it will not be imported from Iran.
Al-Marsoumi said in a post on his Facebook page, followed by (Baghdad Today), that "Iraq produces 30.5 million cubic meters per day of dry gas used as fuel in the production of electric power and imports 50 million cubic meters, meaning that the rate of self-sufficiency of dry gas currently reaches 38% while Iraq imports 62% of dry gas from Iran. In return, Iraq burns about 34 million cubic meters of gas associated with oil every day.
He added, "If Iraq succeeds in increasing the capacity of the gas complexes as planned in 2022, then Iraq's production of dry gas that supplies power stations will increase to 83 million cubic meters per day, which will suffice to meet the local need of dry gas, and then Iraq will no longer need it." Importing dry gas from Iran."
Al-Marsoumi added, "The outlet now seems far from these figures, as the planned supply of power stations in 2020 was 63 million cubic meters, but less than half of the planned number has been delivered to these stations."
On Sunday, December 27, 2020, the spokesman for the Ministry of Electricity, Ahmed Al-Abadi, suggested 3 solutions to the energy crisis that the country is currently experiencing, while he confirmed that the Iranian Minister of Energy will visit Baghdad in the coming days.
Al-Abadi said in a televised statement that he (Baghdad Today) followed, that "we have never stated that the supply of electricity will be almost non-existent in Baghdad and the southern regions, but we said that there is a reduction in the percentage of Iranian gas supplied to Iraq."
He added that "there is a failure in the electricity file, and the issue needs financial allocations," noting that
"the retreat in the supply of electricity is caused by reducing the Iranian gas percentage from 50 million cubic meters of gas to 5 million and the absence of a fuel plan."
Al-Abadi stated that "the design capacity of the Ministry of Electricity reaches 34 thousand megawatts per day, but its failure to exploit it came as a result of the absence of a fuel plan," noting that
"the ministry produces 11 thousand megawatts of electricity through internal stations without using Iranian gas."
He explained that "investing gas abroad is a matter entrusted to the Ministry of Oil and not the Ministry of Electricity, and the first had previously pledged to meet the Ministry of Electricity's need for fuel, because we need 23 thousand cubic meters of gasoline per day."
He pointed out that "the Ministry of Oil is unable to meet our needs for fuel, so we are forced to import."
A spokesman for the Ministry of Electricity pointed out that "the Iranian Minister of Energy will visit Baghdad within the next two days to discuss the issue of energy decline in Iraq," noting
"Iraq has debts payable to Iran amounting to 2.6 billion dollars."
He stressed that "the Ministry of Electricity is obliged at the present time to change the energy supply program for 5 hours cut-off for one hour of operation," noting that
"the ministry reassures citizens that the crisis is temporary and that they must now rationalize to cross the crisis."
"The Ministry of Finance has the solution to disburse dues from the Iranian side from supplying gas to Iran, or the Oil Ministry meets our full need for fuel, and this is not possible," Moussa said, speaking of proposed solutions.
The spokesman for the Ministry of Electricity called for "forming an Iraqi delegation to discuss the fuel file with Iran" in a third solution proposed by him.