the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Iraq, Jan Kubis, said the prime minister Haider al-Abadi continue actively efforts to achieve the government's program and his reform agenda despite the complexities of security and the escalation of political, social, economic and humanitarian challenges.
The head of the mission internationalism during his presentation of the quarterly report on the situation in Iraq to the UN Security Council in New York that al-Abbadi faces enormous challenges to the implementation of the reform due to differences and political polarization between the political forces is struggling since taking office late last year.
He explained that in spite of the hopes that he would be able to transfer national reconciliation forward and make the participation of the Sunni sect wider in the political process, have been blocking efforts by elements within all the components of Iraq because of the lack of trust and special interests.
He added that al-Abadi's efforts to reform the Iraqi state institutions is an effective first step towards a judgment on sectarian quotas less, But he pointed out that the impact of the reforms did not achieve the expectations of the people, there are citizens criticize increasingly Prime Minister of slow implementation it is that with it, the majority of Iraqis believe that al-Abadi constitute the best hope for them for a better world less sectarian and more stable and prosperous.
He stressed that to overcome the challenges the enormous and growing must be on all the political forces together to make decisions in the interests of the Iraqi people through openness and partnership, inclusiveness and wide-ranging consultations in decision-making to promote effective governance. And called on the government to ensure that civilians during the exercise of their right to seek reforms and justice through peaceful means and that any threat be investigated fully and punish him according to the law.
Financial crisis in Iraq and pointed Head of Mission (UNAMI) to that in the wake of the sharp decline in world oil prices , increased Iraq's financial crisis and widened the budget deficit, which raised concern and calls for urgent economic reforms in the country.
He explained that the government's reform program gives priority to the fight against corruption and reform of the public sector and the initiation of privatization to diversify the economy and encourage foreign investment and stimulate employment growth.
And called on the government and foreign partners, including international and regional financial institutions, to take urgent measures to address the economic and financial pressing challenges.
National reconciliation and pointed Kubi that the UN mission has continued its efforts to promote comprehensive national reconciliation between the leaders of all Iraqi factions and political groups and civil society and local communities , and neighboring countries, in coordination with the Iraqi government, which is required to continue to engage in intensive awareness with a full range of political interlocutors, both within and outside Iraq, to encourage participation in the reconciliation process efforts. Iran, Jordan, Qatar, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates urged to strengthen regional support for reconciliation efforts Iraqi comprehensive that sticks to respect the constitution and the unity and sovereignty of Iraq.
He explained that the adoption of priority legislation, such as the National Guard, a general amnesty and the laws of accountability, has been pending in Parliament, because of the lack of trust between the components of Iraq, which led to the absence of political compromises necessary.
He emphasized the government and the House of Representatives and the political forces need to move forward in the national reconciliation program to promote the Iraqi political system on the basis of equal rights for all Iraqis and the face of sectarianism and terrorism.
Displaced people and take care of the displaced efforts, Kubis pointed to the experience of Tikrit, where he returned to it 155,000 people, noting that this does not mean that there are problems there, where he is not able to everyone that allow him to return, and where extortion and disappearances continue .. Add to that the provision of services is still a bad slow and the government in the subsequent stages of reconstruction and development.
He stressed that the funding for the care of the displaced often is a problem, and pointed out that according to the United Nations Development Programme there is a need to an additional 20 million dollars by the end of the year only, and there will be more need to respond to additional requests for assistance.
political crisis in Kurdistan explained Kubi that the Kurdistan region of Iraq has long been a source of stability and development in Iraq, and that the sacrifices made by the Kurdish Peshmerga in fighting against Daash and hosting the majority of displaced Iraqis deserve praise.
However, he pointed to a deep differences between the main political parties in the region recently and is threatening the stability .. He pointed out that the dispute over the presidency of the region, as well as the lack of reforms and the non-payment of salaries and tension in recent weeks have led to unrest deadly political crisis looming on the horizon, especially with the expulsion of a political party of the Kurdistan Regional Government and the prohibition of the President of the Kurdish parliament from performing his duties.
He pointed out that dialogue with the Kurdish forces on a large scale and encouraged them to quickly reach a compromise on the basis of a comprehensive and democratic political dialogue in order to remain united in the task of the crucial battles against Daash.
In regard to relations between Baghdad and Erbil, has stressed the need to resolve differences over the oil agreement and revenue sharing quickly through dialogue and with the help of UNAMI.
Daash pointed Kubi that during one year achieved the organization Daash progress in the center and north, but Iraqi security forces, and the forces of packing People and tribal volunteers regained key areas, including Baiji, which is now under government control.
In Ramadi, are isolated Daash inside the city and Iraqi security forces and tribal volunteers who crack on the region in order to end the presence of the organization there.
He pointed out that in other parts of Iraq, government forces still exert pressure and was able to reclaim more land but offered slow.
He pointed out that the defeat of Daash require increasing support for Iraqi security forces, the Peshmerga either in direct or training of military activities and the provision of supplies of materials.
He said that the Iraqi government has recently begun to cooperate with Russia, Iran and Syria for the exchange of intelligence information through the cell in Baghdad. He stressed that the morale of the fighters Daash eroded and cases of desertion are increasing, in addition to the executions in its ranks.
Human Rights internationalist Representative stressed that human rights in Iraq, a source of continuing concern with the continued Daash of committing heinous crimes against civilians, including abductions, killings and wanton destruction of property operations, It is targeted for those who disagree with him ideologically, and in particular the members of the diverse ethnic and religious groups and members of the local, regional or federal governments; and the judges, lawyers and journalists, leaders and artists, where it executes regulation of these killings in order to sow fear and terror among the population.
He added that Daash continues to restrict the fundamental freedoms of the people under its control and impose strict regulations on the behavior and aggression on them, which leads to death by beheading, stoning or burning. ethnic and religious minorities and added that UNAMI is working with diverse ethnic and religious minorities to create a package of recommendations aimed at ensuring the protection and respect of their rights, and reintegration of voluntary and safe for all displaced persons to their places of origin.
He pointed out that the mission is working with a group of national and international partners, is also involved in the development of a comprehensive set of legal reforms of criminal justice in order to facilitate full access and equal access to justice to all Iraqi citizens, and to address structural weaknesses in the administration of justice, which was a factor contributor to the ongoing cycles of violence in the country.
The humanitarian situation and he stressed Kubi that the humanitarian situation in Iraq is worrying grave, where he showed the mass displacement of millions of people as a result of the fighting and up to the borders of Europe a major crisis outweigh the capacity but is working to reduce and reorganize its programs to support about 3.2 million displaced Iraqis, as the vast majority of the displaced people want to stay in Iraq, so the best way to encourage them is to provide humanitarian support in their areas, which will reduce their displacement from the country and migrate to the first third countries and foremost to Europe.
He pointed out The cholera outbreak with thousands of casualties reported in Iraq increases the complexity of the situation with rising fears that the disease may be more widespread because of the recent heavy rains, and ongoing insecurity.
Missing Kuwaitis and on the issue of missing Kuwaitis and third-country nationals and Kuwaiti property lost, including The National Archives, internationalist Representative pointed out that despite the instability experienced by the region, but the positive atmosphere and dialogue and closer cooperation is prevailing in the relations between Iraq and Kuwait, and which shows the goodwill between the two countries, when recognized Kuwait security conditions very difficult in Iraq and the challenges it faces, prompting Kuwait to agree to Iraq's request to postpone for a year to pay five per cent of the oil export sales revenue ratio, which has been extended payment until the first of 2017 to pay $ 4.6 billion remaining in the compensation owed to the Kuwaiti government.
He pointed to the need to take advantage momentum in the partnership between the two countries to achieve significant progress in the missing Kuwaitis and Kuwaiti property file in order to close this humanitarian issue is Nhaia..modha that the Iraqi government is determined to continue to provide full assistance to promote, support and facilitate the search for missing Kuwaitis and Kuwaiti property.
Liberty camp of the opponents of Iranians Finally, the head of UNAMI internationalism in Iraq pointed to the case of residents of Liberty camp - freedom of dissidents Iranians in Iraq and the need to relieve this burden .. He explained that the camp recently was again the target of a rocket attack that killed 24 people and wounded many others.
The solution only to ensure the security of the population is quickly transferred to third countries, with the Government of Iraq reminder of their obligation to ensure the safety of the population.
And strongly called on all countries to work together with the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General to consider the hosting of these populations in their territory, or to use its influence in helping to resettle in the shortest time Memkn.
[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]