In a suburb of the city of Kut, poor
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Samira Ali Mandi
In time in which he warned the World Bank to increase the number of poor in the world after rising global food prices by 10% in July, called economic experts Iraqi government to pay attention to food security, and support the ration card, to secure food for the citizens and private class poor.
The report "Food Price Watch" issued by the World Bank, pointed out that the prices of basic grains corn, wheat and soybeans recorded the highest rise in them, and some of the reasons for this rise is the heat wave that hit the United States, in addition to the drought that hit parts of Eastern Europe .
News agencies quoted World Bank President Jim Yong Kim and described rising prices "historic" and saying that food prices have risen sharply again, and let's not allow these gains new prices to turn into threats to life and put the health of millions of people at risk.
Expert, a researcher at the Center for Market Research, and Consumer Protection at the University of Baghdad, Dr. Salim al-Jubouri, confirmed that the last two months have seen a remarkable rise in food prices, which led to a rise in inflation rates, and the impact heavily on poor families and low-income earners.
Citizens expressed concern about the continuing rise of food prices. The widow of Maysan: The prices of tomato, cucumber and onions have risen dramatically, and no longer can a mother for a number of orphans to buy some fruit and vegetables.
The retired Hamid Taha wondered "Ôáćä claimed the lives citizen with high tomato prices, meat and cucumber", pointing out that prices began to rise with the advent of the month of Ramadan and is still high.
Mahdi Keywords senior agent of the Ministry of Planning confirmed decline in the proportion of extreme poverty and extreme in Iraq, which amounted to 20% during the period of the fall of Saddam's regime, while not exceeding the proportion of extreme poverty today than 3%, pointing to the efforts of the Ministry of Planning to alleviate poverty through the implementation of the plan National Development 2011 2017 to support the Poverty Reduction Strategy and in support of food security.
Keywords said that the ration card is the greatest guarantee of achieving food security for the Iraqis, especially the poor class. The number of beneficiaries of the vocabulary of this card, according to the Commerce Ministry to more than 30 million people. The return of the ration card system to the year 1990.
Economist, chairman of the Economic Media Center non-governmental Dergham Mohammed Ali consistent with Keywords in this view, is not expected to threaten the rising food prices Iraq because it still depends on the ration card to protect poor families and ensure food security.
But the expert and researcher at the Center for Market Research and Consumer Protection at the University of Baghdad, Dr. Salim al-Jubouri confirmed the existence of a significant shortfall in the ration card items, and lack of access regularly to citizens, criticizing at the same time the absence of a consistent policy adopted by the government to protect the Iraqi market, and the citizens of the high prices, expect to see consumption and food security of the citizen stable when it reaches the ration card regularly and without shortages, Jubouri noted that the greater per capita income rose prices in local markets.
Jubouri said that many poor families resort to sell its stake of the ration card items to take advantage of the price in other livelihood Hiking affairs, transport and health.
According to Adel Abdul-Sahib researcher, an expert on agriculture, water and food that there is a large deficit in the ration card items as a result of mismanagement by the Ministries of Agriculture and Commerce.
Calls attention to the problem of food security in Iraq
The World Bank report also warned countries that rely on grain imports they will face a shortfall in the volume of imports. The regions of the Middle East and Africa, in particular the most vulnerable to the impact of higher prices, as it imports a large part of their diet, which will increase domestic spending for the population.
According to statistics and the Iraqi Ministry of Trade, Iraq imported annually 4 million tons of wheat and 12 thousand tons of rice and 912 tons of sugar and 500 thousand tons of baby formula and 600 thousand tons of oil.
The Ministry of Commerce said in a statement posted Thursday (6 September) on its website and the arrival of a number of ships laden with sugar, rice and wheat to the port of Umm Qasr during the past few days and مناشيء European, Thai and Russian, Australian and Romanian.
Undersecretary of the Ministry of Agriculture Mahdi al-Qaisi said to Radio Free Iraq that these warnings are not new, as it has already been issued by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) similar warnings during the past years, and responded ministry to these warnings, and prepared her through a range of actions, including the implementation of the agricultural initiative , and support the agricultural sector, water resources, resulting in self-sufficiency in the production of vegetables and fruits.
Qaisi confirmed that the ministry put in priority crop production strategy, the most important grain, and adopted the latest scientific systems and techniques in irrigation and agriculture, and its project to grow wheat irrigation systems systematized, led to that covers grain production 40% to 50% of the country's need, especially wheat, but cultivation rice and barley are still facing many problems because of water scarcity and drought.
However, the food security in Iraq is still threatened by neglect suffered by the agricultural sector, and sees Adel Abdul Sahib researcher, an expert on agriculture, water and food, there is a big drop in the production of grain, dates and Fisheries and Iraq could take advantage of these aspects neglected to contribute to the achievement of security food.
With all these problems do not wish Adel Abdul Sahib seem pessimistic, especially that Iraq is an agricultural country despite the obstacles and has oil exports, but rising food prices in the global markets will affect the budget of the Iraqi state, which relies on imports to meet the shortfall in the food, especially the strategy of .
Contributed in Radio Free Iraq correspondent in Baghdad, Mohamed Karim
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