Date: Thursday, 02/02/2012 18:42
Hosted the "Forum on Wednesday" in the institution of Imam al-Hakim and former Iraqi oil minister Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum in a dialogue on "The Future of the political process in Iraq," the presence of a crowd of political figures, religious, cultural, diplomatic, notably: Advisor Patriarch Peter Shepherd Father Fadi Daou, assistant cultural attaché in Iraqi embassy d. Dreams Shahid Ali, Mr. Nasser Al-Assaad a representative of the Palestinian Ambassador to Lebanon.
Foot meeting and moderated by lawyer Mr. Bilal al-Husseini who introduced what happened in Iraq since the beginning of the twentieth century to today and suffered from the concerns and problems of political, economic, and especially after the post-American withdrawal, and the political process through parliamentary elections and the boom of information and the recent developments, as presented experience of the Minister of Science and the Sea of political and intellectual role ..
And, Minister Dr. Ibrahim Bahr al-Ulum and what he said: 18/12/2011 Date of a U.S. withdrawal from Iraq, but with great regret that entered Iraq since that date, a political crisis was the most violent and most dangerous since the change coincided that the crisis with the exit of the U.S. military, and without talking about this crisis is difficult to talk about state-building in Iraq .. The country enters a crisis after crisis and we all remember the years 2009 2010 2011 and suffered Iraq of political crises after the parliamentary elections and before that crisis, the provincial elections and then the crisis of the government and the nominations for the presidency of the government and the parliament and the crisis of electoral fraud and the crisis of determining the largest bloc and the Convention on Erbil and the crisis of Ministers Alaminaan and the crisis regions and up to the crisis, Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi, county deputies and ministers of the Iraqi bloc of the Parliament and the Council of Ministers.
In light of all these crises some have called for a national conference to discuss the crisis in a crisis We entered the National Conference and participate in and how to hold, and enable the President to convene a meeting with representatives of the blocks to determine the conference program.
He d. Sea Science: these crises if not treated in time will generate diseases are difficult to treat the body stores them in Iraq and it is difficult to control the disease in light of the fragility of the structure of state institutions and security in the light of what ails the region of developments ..
He asked: "Why is the House of Representatives vanquished at his command, although the parliament is the highest legislative authority, because the 2010 elections produced a parliament concern in its programs and perceptions. And this election produced a government or an executive is able to lie on the authority of the legislature, plunging the country in the maze of a large addition to the Iraqi judiciary suffered from charges of politicization.
This political impotence that gripped the House of Representatives at its election had many reasons, but in our conviction that this Council shelve a series of contradictions in the horizontal and vertical axis. We are about having 3 different parliamentary blocs among them. In each electoral alliance Oksrt parliamentary groups to integrate with each other, making it unable to produce and the establishment of the Iraqi state and follow the basic issues, especially oil and gas laws and the civil service.
He Bahr al-Ulum, "you can not blocks the production of projects and new laws and the disruption of the role of parliament regulatory, legislative and became political blocs are stronger than the parliament and this dilemma. Adding insult to injury, these coalitions were introduced under the banner of" national partnership "to form a government. And the disruption of the role of parliament because of the participation all the blocks have been left in the government there is opposition parliamentary accountability and control.
This problem is also related to the duality of wealth and power even though the constitution guarantees the distribution of power and wealth, but unfortunately not abide by the constitution and that there was a continuing violation of the sanctity of this Constitution and this is the secret of the problem. And became the largest political conventions of the Constitution, the Constitution has become selective. Here's the secret, because the social contract, the guarantor of the unity of the country and the people continued to be violated by the political blocs.
The minister added Sea of Science: Unfortunately not employ political pluralism and sectarianism to serve the state-building but has been used to strengthen the internal fighting, and the regional role effective in dispersing the political administration of Iraq and not to allow for the emergence of a strong, stable, helped by the difference between the Iraqi political blocs, allowing competition, the largest of the regional states on the ground in Iraq.
Iraq today within the Triangle Regional (Iranian Turkish-Arab), and this triangle has international conflicts, especially with the United States of America, we should not underestimate the importance of U.S. role in Iraq despite the military withdrawal from Iraq. Iraq has become important in the battle arena of international and regional interests. But this does not absolve us from our Iraqis to take responsibility about what we are experiencing problems.
Although the Iraqi constitution is keen to prevent a collision components of Iraq and Artkazh citizenship, we unfortunately suffered from the sectarian, national, and which reached to the level of the basic functions and ministries in addition to the first presidency. Absent standards of efficiency, expertise and national ministries and became the property of the political coalitions and political blocs.
And political corruption emerged from the political quota system, which led to administrative and financial corruption and this is one of the most important problems in the Iraqi state today.
And also suffered from the failure to establish an economic vision, although he had entered Iraq more than $ 400 billion of oil imports during the last decade, but we did not Nstthmrha scale for Iraq economic vision.
And also failed to communicate a vision for the management of oil wealth, and after a long debate for six years, we do not reach agreement on a law to manage oil and gas wealth. And Avsahna way for big companies to control the economic situation and oil in our country.
Today, we are suffering from a crisis of confidence between the political components and the fear of exclusivity in the resolution.
But despite all these problems there is still a possibility for a solution to all these crises, the solution starts to return to the political process of genuine democracy and the creation of political blocs and not a real political blocs held device, internally and externally.
Unfortunately, the absence of the Iraqi administration is the main reason behind the internal fragmentation and that the roadmap for a solution must be built on a sound footing and that the return of the Iraqi bloc deputies to participate in the House of Representatives is the first though to return to the role of parliament is the basis of the solution.
When asked about the road map to resolve the identified 3 solutions can be implemented by the Maliki government, namely:
1. A law on political parties ..
2. Amending the election law so that it is more equitable and just.
3. Not to politicize the Commission's general elections.
So you want to make the future of the political process in Iraq through a sound electoral process sound.
As one of the most prominent problems that Iraq today is due to a conflict of constitutional interpretations must therefore find a specialized body to interpret the Constitution and constitutional jurisprudence in preparation for the constitutional reform.
And there were not a constitutional reference can not solve our problems, and the Federal Court is responsible for it, which so far has no law regulating its work, and this law is still in the drawers of the Parliament.
In my conviction that the political alliances based on sectarian or national will harm the future of Iraq must be the existence of political alliances and national exceed sectarian affiliations and Iraqi forces and this is the beginning of the road for a solution and we should not Nstqoa external factor to solve our problems, but to go back to the homeland to solve our problems and thus build the new Iraqi state .
At the conclusion of his interview is no doubt that there are many implications in the political scene due to the fragility of political alliances and security events and regional problems, but remains a great hope in the possibility of a vision is able to promote dialogue between Iraqis to agree on building a new Iraqi state, and this needs the solidarity of the Iraqi people and the political elites in order to do not go back again, and we suffered from the political and security crises, and Iraq can have an active role in the region if it succeeds in overcoming the crises of the Interior.
After the dialogue was in the audience and lecturer on various issues pertaining to the issue of Iraq.
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