You are not connected. Please login or register

Quotas..a principle that governs Iraq without the need for a constitutional basis or sincerity from it

Go down  Message [Page 1 of 1]



[You must be registered and logged in to see this link.]
Quotas..a principle that governs Iraq without the need for a constitutional basis or sincerity from it

454 Politics 10/28/2022 21:19
Baghdad today - follow up

A press report today, Friday, discussed the idea of quotas, its origin and the mechanisms of its application in the joints of the Iraqi state,

despite the fact that it is unconstitutional and has no legal basis,

while experts and specialists outline the necessary solutions to end this principle,

which may begin by changing the law of parties.  The report indicates that

"the current quota system in Iraq was never constitutional, and has no legal basis for it,

but it is a heresy imposed by the new regime that aimed for a formal change of government in Iraq,

and deposited the idea of quotas in the minds of those involved in the political process sponsored by the West after 2003."  The report believes that

"the idea of quotas is a product of the opposition conferences that took place during the years 1991-2002, and against the Baath regime, where the conferees represented a spectrum of politicians of various stripes representing the components of the virtual society, calling on the West to help them and bring down the regime."  He explained that

"this mechanism was established on the day the regime fell and the constitution was written in 2005,

which announced for the first time a non-unified federal system, and called for decentralization, and the imposition of the blocking third consisting of three governorates,

which can declare the region, and the quotas continued to eat away at the cliff of society and impede the arrival of competencies to the state.".  He added,

"The Iraqi system and parliament have begun distributing ministries, responsibilities, and lower positions in public positions according to parliamentary weights, and

the ministries go to the largest Shiite component that has given the executive authority by convention,

the parliament for the Arab Sunnis,

the republic for the Kurds, and

the judiciary for the Shiites,

with representatives of the other components of all those job designations, to turn

The matter is worse, that the government’s decisions and policies were also distributed to the component in the ministry, which became his share, and

the appointments of employees mostly according to the component of the first official in his ministry, even service workers, which opened the door to hell for the competencies that found their condition,

not by the standard of capabilities and functional service, but rather by a degree Loyalty is from the authority of the first official over the department, or any government formation in the state.  The report considered that

"from here, the public function was actually hit, and a kind of pluralism of decision occurred and the interests of ministries and departments conflicted," noting that

many calls were made to Prime Minister Muhammad Shia Al-Sudani, prior to choosing his cabinet formation, which came into being yesterday, not to be subject to quotas imposed by political parties.

The authority, which, with ideological motives, wants to secure itself and its financial supplies, appoint its followers and aides to the positions for which it is “allotted” and even fights for it.

The report quotes former Minister of Electricity Karim Waheed as saying that

"the essence of the protests that are continuing in Iraq will embarrass the politicians of the theory of sectarian quotas in power,

especially after their failure to secure the most basic necessities of citizen's life, and

these protests were born after demonstrations in Tahrir Square, Al-Firdaws and Nasiriyah.":

"But were the politicians of change convinced after the October tsunami that

state's political system must be led by a technocratic government, concerned with building a new institutional system that pursues a program of political and cultural reform to form the main pillar of administrative, economic and social reform?"

For his part, the researcher and writer Mazen Sahib Al-Shammari explains,

trying to establish the idea and essence of imposing the system of “the quota system, a customary system outside the framework of the constitution, which took place during the meetings of the opposition parties abroad, under the auspices of Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad.

He considered the Shiites to represent 60 percent, the Sunnis 15 percent and the Kurds 15 percent.”

The 100 percent and the Christians five percent, and five percent for the rest of the minorities, and

on this basis the members of the Governing Council were distributed in the first American application of the quota system, and

the formation of the government of

Iyad Allawi, then
al-Jaafari, and after them the governments of
Nuri al-Maliki, then the government of
Haider al-Abadi and
Adel Abdul Mahdi, and finally the
Kadhimi government, and
today The Sudanese government

is based on the above distribution, and

according to the parliamentary seats for each of the sectarian and national components, which are still managed by what was agreed upon at the London conference and also with American approval and Iranian influence.

Mazen Al-Shammari confirms that getting rid of this system seems almost impossible except by changing the parties and elections laws and

finding a new model for Iraqi national parties that have a popular basef in more than 15 Iraqi governorates, not less than five thousand national figures from the notables of these governorates or more to participate in cross-sectarian elections,

then the political system will be facing an electoral entitlement that includes winners from different segments of Iraqi society to form a one-Iraq government.  Al-Shammari adds,

"As for the Sudanese today, there is no escape from realistic applications for managing the quota system and the culture of the components,

but the parties confronting the power of governance in this system may face a new variable represented in the Sudanese character and his government program."

Back to top  Message [Page 1 of 1]

Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum