Observers: Anti-corruption measures contributed to Iraq's progress in global indicators
Investigations and Reports Today, 19:48
Baghdad - INA - Nassar Al-Hajj
Observers and stakeholders praised the government's measures in the field of combating corruption,
stressing that it contributed to Iraq's progression two degrees in global indicators, while
calling for the application of the Financial Management Law and the adoption of the electronic governance approach to reduce corruption.
The former head of the Integrity Commission, Musa Faraj, said, in a statement to the Iraqi News Agency (INA), that
"there are two important aspects related to Transparency International's report for the year 2021 on Iraq's progress in two degrees in the fight against corruption.
The first is that the organization is concerned with examining the environment of corruption and not the extent of corruption,
If asked about the extent of corruption in each country, this needs agencies such as the Financial Oversight and Integrity Commission, and all countries of the world do not have this possibility, so the reports are not concerned with the extent of corruption, but with the environment to combat it.
He added, "The anti-corruption environment is achieved by political stability, rule of law, independence of the judiciary, as well as the presence of anti-corruption agencies such as an independent and effective integrity commission, civil society participation and transparency, as any citizen or party has the right to obtain information from state agencies, in addition to To other factors such as the integrity of the judiciary and freedom of the media.
He explained, "The second aspect is Transparency International's data, which is called an impressionistic estimate, not a sensory one that depends on the documents and data contained therein," noting that
"the organization does not have the right or the ability to access documents related to corruption in every country in the world."
He pointed out, "The organization adopts impressionistic information such as the issue of poverty, as it measures poverty rates in Iraq, through the announced data, as well as the estimates of international bodies such as the World Bank, in addition to the issue of electricity and its status in Iraq is measured through local data and international bodies."
The same applies to the education, health and other sectors.
He continued, "It also depends on public opinion polls inside and outside the country concerned, by sending survey data to companies that implement projects in the country, in order to reach the near reality and the situation of corruption in that country."
In turn, a member of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption coalition, Muhammad Rahim Al-Rubaie, said that "during the past two days, an annual report for the year 2021 was issued to Transparency International, where this indicator showed Iraq's progress."
He added, "This progress was positively reflected on the hierarchical evaluation, as Iraq advanced to the 157th place after it was 159," noting that
"the steps taken by the current regulatory and governmental authorities in combating corruption contributed to Iraq's progress by two points."
He explained, "Iraq has ratified the adoption of the National Anti-Corruption Strategy for the years 2021-2024, and
it also needs to implement the Financial Management Law No. 6 of 2016, especially the tenth chapter called Transparency for Articles 51 to 54,
which stipulates the need to publish the financial statements of all state institutions on their websites.
pointed out that "the application of these procedures, the adoption of the e-governance approach and the completion of the necessary transactions electronically needed by the citizen will reduce corruption and contribute to raising Iraq's assessment on these indicators."
In addition, the expert in the field of anti-corruption, Saeed Moussa, indicated that "Iraq scored 23 points according to the Corruption Perceptions Index for the year 2021," noting that
"this leap forward is important because the Arab region is a stagnation area in anti-corruption measures."
In his speech to the Iraqi News Agency (INA), Moussa explained that "in order to work on Iraq's progress in indicators, we need to reform the political system and assign competence, integrity and experience in the public service, whether leadership or lower grades, to consolidate the rule of law and law enforcement,
and to create a rational administration in accordance with Standards in managing and referring contracts, tenders and purchases based on the principle of competition between companies.
He pointed out that "Iraq launched a national strategy to combat corruption, which included mechanisms for analyzing the environment, knowing sectoral risks and developing solutions to them by adopting prevention, reform and deterrence."
For his part, economic expert Hamza Al-Jawahiri told the Iraqi News Agency (INA), "Corruption is the basis of the intractable problems in Iraq, whether they are in the sectors of electricity, water, health, education, housing, etc.,
where all work sectors in Iraq suffer from crises and are very backward," noting.
"Tackling corruption lies in eliminating quotas and consensus, meaning that major jobs, from a minister or below, even to the prime minister, should not be from parties."
And he continued, "People must be chosen for jobs on professional bases, because the professional person will have better work than the emergency person," adding:
"The professional person also fears the pressures imposed on him by corrupt parties because he does not have a party to defend him, which makes him Create more and produce more.
On August 30, 2020, Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi formed a higher investigation committee into major corruption and criminal crimes, headed by Lieutenant-General Ahmed Abu Ragheef, linked to the Office of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, to investigate major corruption and criminal crimes.
And Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi confirmed during the conference to recover the stolen funds last September, that the Anti-Corruption Committee had disclosed files that had not been disclosed 17 years ago.
The committee executed arrest warrants against former and current officials, including the director general of the State Iron and Steel General Establishment, Abbas Hayaal, as well as the director general of the Iraqi Cement Company, Ali Saleh Mahdi, while it directed to freeze the work of 8 general managers in the Ministry of Industry, and to prevent their travel until the investigation and scrutiny of the charges are completed. for them.
And it arrested Qassem Hammoud Mansour, general manager of the General Company for Food Stuff Trading, on corruption charges, and the former director of the Key Card Company, Bahaa Abdul-Hussein Abdul Hadi, and recovered more than 13 billion dinars from the value of Al-Rasheed Bank’s profit dues for the years 2014 upwards.
The committee arrested the Director General of Investment in the Ministry of Electricity, Raad Muhammad, according to an arrest warrant issued in accordance with Article 310 of the Penal Code related to corruption and bribery.
Based on the committee's investigations, the former director of the National Pension Agency, the accused (Ahmed Abdel-Jalil Al-Saadi) was arrested in accordance with the provisions of Resolution 160 of 1983) on charges of corruption and taking bribes.