The President of the Republic calls for a new political and social contract that guarantees civil peace
Sunday, December 12, 2021 9:02 AM
Baghdad/National News Center
Today, Sunday, the President of the Republic, Barham Salih, called for a new political and social contract that guarantees civil peace in order to consolidate good governance, based on an objective review of the mistakes and experiences of the past.
Salih said in a press article that “a hundred years have passed in Iraq (1921-2021), full of historical turns, its founding stages witnessed the beginnings of the free national movement, the foundations of economic development, administration, civil political movement, the development of health, education, culture and equality systems among Iraqis of their diversity, and the granting of women He played a leading role in public life, which made him at the forefront of the region’s countries and a center for intellectual and civilized creativity, enlightened by his historical legacy, where Mesopotamia is the most ancient civilization known to mankind.”
He added, "But the subsequent stages were not free of cracks and setbacks, tragedies afflicted its people, wars, persecution and sieges, all the way to the persecution of terrorism in our cities," adding,
"Iraqis argue about the cause of the crisis, and the debate is divided over the successive regimes of government, but history shows us serious deviations, the military's involvement in politics coups, temporary constitutions, discriminatory practices, repression, extermination campaigns, Anfal, mass graves, the use of chemical weapons in Halabja, and draining the marshes.”
And Saleh added, "The biggest lesson learned from the centenary of the Iraqi state is the urgent need for good governance, despite the country's rich natural resources, unique human energies and geographical location in the heart of the region, not all of that brought lasting peace and a comfortable life for its citizens."
He added, "Today, we are on the threshold of an important national entitlement to form a new government that must be capable. We find it necessary to move towards a new political and social contract that guarantees civil peace, in order to consolidate good governance, based on an objective review of the mistakes and experiences of the past."
He explained that "the initiation of this contract is not a luxury requirement, but rather an imperative necessity, with the participation of national public opinion with its political and social activities, historical and national responsibility and the delicate current situation that requires serious work to end the cycle of crises."
In the end, neither the Shiites, nor the Kurds, nor the Sunnis, nor the rest of the components are satisfied with the status quo, and they acknowledge the impossibility of its continuation.
Concerning the problematic Kurdish relationship with Baghdad, which accompanied the early establishment of the state, Salih explained, “It still exists today, and a serious dialogue in Baghdad must guarantee real partnership through decisive solutions that serve all Iraqis from Basra to Baghdad to Najaf, Anbar, Mosul and to Kurdistan in Erbil. and Sulaymaniyah.
And he stated, “One of the biggest challenges of good governance is the structural defect in the system of governance after 2003, because it does not meet the requirements of the Iraqis, and there is no question about its need for real and radical reform.
What was achieved after 2003 cannot be taken lightly, as six governments and five governments succeeded in it. Parliaments peacefully.”
The President of the Republic said, “The consolidation of good governance begins with restoring the people’s confidence in the political system, ending the abuse of the state, weakening it, penetrating it, and violating its sovereignty.
We just came out of an early electoral process in response to a popular movement and national consensus on the need for radical reforms. Constitutional entitlements to form the new government.
He pointed out that it is “really inspiring to see Iraqis, despite crises and attacks of terrorism and violence, accept elections as a means to resolve their problems, not war and fighting, but we also cannot ignore the decline in turnout, for the electoral process in the end is not a goal in itself, but a peaceful path.” And the guarantor of the broad participation of the Iraqis in renewing their options and achieving their aspirations for good governance.”
The president pointed out that “the Iraqis were able to liberate their cities from the defilement of ISIS and protect the region and the world from its crimes, through their solidarity and the valor of the armed forces from the army, the police, the popular crowd and the Peshmerga, with the support of the international coalition, our neighbors and our friends, and the great role of the religious authority that mobilized the forces of the people in this fateful confrontation, and should not be compromising this victory.
Regarding the phenomenon of corruption, Saleh commented, “It is also dangerous and represents an obstacle to good governance.
This dangerous scourge is closely linked to violence and terrorism, fueling divisions, threatening societal peace and affecting equal opportunities for Iraqis.
The challenge of corruption imposes a serious, decisive and firm stance shared by official institutions and social and civil activities.
It is a national battle that will not fix the country’s situation without winning it. It is based on striking the sources of corruption and recovering what was looted and smuggled.”
And he added, "The next stage should work on constitutional amendments to items that political practice has proven responsible for deep crises that stand in the way of the development of the political process.
There must also be a revolution of legislation, in a way that preserves the constants and keeps us in line with the developments of the times.
The major transformations that the country witnessed remained captive to a system." A legal system that did not keep pace with political and social developments, such as the Penal Code.”
The President of the Republic concluded, “We also have before us the challenge of achieving economic transformation.
It is dangerous to continue our unsustainable rentier economy that depends on oil by more than 90%, as it sleeps