the land of blackness
Abdul-Zahra Muhammad Al-Hindawi 189 2021-10-07
Abdul-Zahra Muhammad Al-Hindawi || The Land of Blackness, a widespread title, used by many writers, researchers and writers, and perhaps the novel trilogy of the writer Abdul Rahman Munif issued in 1999 is the most prominent of what was written under this title, as well as plays, literary works and commercial names that carried the same title, some of which may have moved away from the true meaning of the name,
which It came as a description of the image of Mesopotamia, due to its good conditions, as the land of Iraq appears black, due to the intensity of its cultivation and the abundance of its plowing, and the intertwining of its trees,
and according to this scene, Iraq remained for centuries, representing a basic food basket not only for Iraqis, but for the peoples of the region And the world..
Therefore, agriculture constituted an important and fundamental pillar of development and life in light of the available capabilities in Iraq, and the agricultural sector remained one of the most important components of the gross domestic product, until the appearance of oil, which transformed the economy from dark green to dark black, and it became the master
The scene is unchallenged, so all other development sectors declined, including the agricultural sector, whose contribution to the GDP fell to its lowest levels until the percentage reached less than 2%, and then increased slightly in recent years, to reach a percentage, perhaps not exceeding 7% At best.
And here comes the question: What are the reasons that pushed the agricultural sector back, to the point where Iraq lost its historical name “The Land of Blacks”??? The answer will certainly come.
It is the oil that caused this great decline, the oil that made it easier for us to get money, which led to the neglect of development sectors, including agriculture, and Iraq was infected with what is known as the Dutch disease, “We sell oil and eat bread.”
But, do we hold oil alone responsible for everything that happened? No, certainly.
There are other reasons, perhaps among them, the lack of available water, which led to the decline of agricultural areas, as well as the old methods of agriculture, especially irrigation methods that lead to a lack of optimal investment of the available water, and the loss of large quantities of it. And not using modern mechanization.
In addition, the levels of support provided by the state to farmers have decreased.
And the lack of focus on specific crops according to the needs of the Iraqi consumer, this was accompanied by a clear absence of the food manufacturing industry, which led to the failure to benefit from the seasonal abundance of a number of crops.
And if we want the agricultural sector to rise, we should stand at these reasons and address them, without forgetting the honorable stand for this sector during the period of the Corona pandemic, as that pause contributed to providing the food basket for the Iraqi citizen, at a time when many countries witnessed severe food crises.