2021/08/23 20:29 number of readings 846 Section : Iraq
The Iraqi state: a kingdom, a republic, coups, and wars
Baghdad / Obelisk: A century has passed since the founding of the Iraqi state, and during that time, the country went through historical turning points:
1917 Britain occupies the states of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul.
1920 - The Iraqi clans revolted and entered into armed clashes with the British.
The Iraqi state was established in March 1921.
- Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein was inaugurated in Al Qishla Square in Baghdad, August 23, 1921, as King of Iraq.
Iraq declared its independence from the British Mandate on October 3, 1932.
- The rule of the first kings, Faisal I, and his rule lasted about 12 years.
The period of King Ghazi 1933, witnessed the unrest of the Sharifian officers.
Bakr Sidqi's coup in 1936.
- The last king is King Faisal II who became king after Ghazi was killed.
Faisal II was crowned and assumed his constitutional powers in 1953.
The Baghdad Pact of 1955.
King Faisal II was killed on July 14, 1958 in a coup led by Abdul Karim Qassem.
- With the death of Faisal II, the thirty-seven years of the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq ended, and the period of military rule and coups began.
- In 1963, a coup overthrew Abdel Karim Kassem.
1968: The Baath Party returns to power in a military coup.
1979 Saddam Hussein becomes president.
- Between 1980 - 1988, the Iran-Iraq war.
1990 Iraq invades Kuwait.
1991 Sanctions imposed on Iraq.
2003 A US-led coalition invades Iraq.
- December 18, 2011, the United States announced that its army had completed its withdrawal from Iraq.
- 2014 ISIS seized control of large areas of Iraq.
The military defeat of ISIS in Iraq at the end of 2017.
- In October 2019, protest demonstrations erupted in Baghdad and the rest of the southern cities.
Al-Kazemi’s government wins parliament’s confidence on May 5, 2020.
The United States promised to end its combat mission in Iraq in early 2021.