Monday 10/19/2015 18:45
citizen does not want written reforms on paper or logos or theses theory, every government comes to power in Iraq, raise economic reform slogan, carrying economic Bramja,
like a magic wand that will achieve the dream of prosperity for the Iraqi people, which is beset by crises everywhere (electricity crisis, water crisis, the crisis in education, housing crisis, health crisis, the environment crisis, a political crisis, a security crisis, a financial crisis and the crisis of poverty, unemployment, hunger, migration and displacement etc ...), all previous governments in Iraq after 2003 came good economic reforms programs (both in the government of Iyad Allawi, or Jaafari Ao Nuri al-Maliki), and ask: Why did not achieve concrete Ntaija or they were not the level of ambition?
The reason for this we believe, it is not framed in the context of a real institutionalization of active and influential in the conduct of the the Department of State and the economy, does not mean Palmossh buildings or institutions or companies and offices, but institutionalization and by institutional school is defined as «rules of the game» .. ie they are laws and regulations and instructions, programs and policies control the behavior within the power system and the Department of State, and without institutional, we will be in front of the behavior is disciplined by power elites, Developed countries feature formats institutional active and influential .. any officer of the behavior of those in charge of the state administration in all political, economic, financial and commercial joints and services ... etc, and can not then be any official to be away from oversight and accountability and punishment that Badr shortening or failure in the performance of his duties or released him defiant behavior intentional, some might say we have in Iraq, institutional, say yes, but they are not effective in the behavior of those in charge of the state administration and the economy, any power elites inside Iraq .. understanding over the institutional, in the sense that they spared accountability and punishment .. in other words, is above the law, Valmossh effective and influential is the other face of the force of law, judges, and without them would not work any attempt at reform in Iraq, and here we will try to highlight the three first Mhaor-: general review of the package of reforms to the prime minister Haider al-Abadi ..
First / reforms package to Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi
reforms presented by the Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi package approved by the Council of Ministers unanimously on 9 August 2015, and ratified by Parliament on 11 of the same month, were not new one but already announced in his government (20,142,018), and can be summarized the following axes:
1. administrative reform axis
which focused on the adoption of a broad approach to institutional reform and to accelerate the completion of the program of administrative reform includes (reduce the number of protections for all state officials, including the three presidencies, ministers, MPs and special grades and general managers, governors and members of the provincial councils and their grades, and are converted surplus to the ministries of defense, interior and continue identifying other privileges for officials including (cars and housing), as well as the abolition of the posts of Vice President of the Republic, and the Prime Minister, as well as reducing its ministries and agencies to increase efficiency in government work, and reduce costs and the elimination of disparities in salaries through reform of salaries and allowances system and the abolition Provisions special session.
2. Financial Reform axis:
aims to address the deficit in the general budget of the reform of the structure of the expenses and revenues the state through:
(a) processing of tax evasion both in terms of income tax and broadening the tax base and prevent corruption and reduce the burden on the self-employed.
(b) application customs tariff fair at all border crossing points, and including Kurdistan outlets and the use of international companies discreet in this area to prevent corruption and promote national product and preventing the dumping of the Iraqi market.
C- lowering the upper limit of pensions for officials.
3. economic reform axis:
The activation of investment and revitalization of movement the private sector through the provision of credit to the industrial, agricultural and housing sector to sector, amounting to 5 trillion dinars, as well as support for small businesses with loans amounting trillion dinars in order to run the unemployed, as well as interest in the private sector and the payment of dues owed by the government, and also to cancel all exceptions of the Implementing Regulations government contracts, with the exception of armament contracts in the Ministry of Defense currently, as well as activating the business strategies prepared by State institutions all that, and also, the rehabilitation of state-owned industries and the gradual shift towards the private sector, and to ensure an enabling environment for the advancement in the field of trade, finance, laws and regulations.
4. axis Services:
it focuses on upgrading the service and living conditions for the Iraqi people, and to address the electricity crisis class basis, and the provision of infrastructure (transport and communications) and the adoption of effective community-based surveillance program to detect decline or failure in the delivery of public services in order to negligent accounting and corrupt.
5- axis of the fight against corruption:
It focuses on Created Council (anti-corruption), headed by the Prime Minister, and activating the principle (Where did you get this), and activating the role of the judiciary, and the opening of the previous files of corruption and prosecuting corrupt, and set a time limit to resolve all corruption issues, as well as activating the role of the regulatory institutions, namely, (body of national integrity, Office of Financial Supervision, and the offices of the Inspector General), and the formulation of a program monitoring and evaluation of government performance and integration of roles.
6. There is also a strategic priority for the government program came within the reformist prime minister Haider al-Abadi represented by:
a. Address the problem of displacement and migration.
B. Increasing oil and gas production and to improve financial sustainability.
T. The requirements of the advancement of human development (education, health, environmental sustainability, activating the role of civil society organizations, promote the role of women and increase the efficiency of social security services).
W. Attract foreign investment and diversify sources of income, away from oil in light of the erosion of prices.
C. Restructuring some state-owned enterprises, said Haider al-Abadi: »We want these companies to be more efficient and effective in the Iraqi economy, and the government has no intention to get rid of workers in these companies».
Secondly / Makanzmat Reform: A Vision in standards
as long as escalated calls for reform in Iraq Since years ago, but it did not succeed and why it was turned off their engines, we note here if we want to achieve comprehensive reform and its success, it must have engines perpetuate continuity and here we define the following:
1. The principle of good faith by all political actors in the Iraqi arena, and adopted Reform ideology and practice in its service to the Iraqi people, and the initiative on their own to adopt reforms, and stay away from unfair competition, and try some of them thwart the government and the forfeiture of reform is the only option to stay in power, instead of forcing them to leave Iraq, under the pressure of the people of Iraq demonstrations.
2. the Iraqi government must adopt merit system when filling leadership positions, away from sectarianism and party quotas, what can strengthen the judicial system in the fight against corruption.
3. must continue the momentum of the protests and supported by good reference, because if it eased the brunt will not be achieved reform real in Iraq, and will be a bubble as the last bubbles.
4. provides regional and international support for reforms Iraq, particularly from international financial institutions, international and regional banks, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, to provide the necessary funding for the success of reforms, as well as specialized in drawing reform policies and agencies, and how to implement them , and the use of international experts in this field, Iraq needs to appropriate economic support at this stage, to help in the success of economic reforms.
Third / creation of a body of economic transformation (guarantee of successful economic in Iraq to shift)
propose to the government the establishment of the Ministry of economic transformation, after being the integration of all of (the National Commission to encourage foreign investment and the Department of Foreign Investment in the Ministry of Planning, the Department of Foreign Affairs in the Ministry of Commerce, and the Department of Economic Relations at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the frozen privatization in the Council of Ministers), and linked to a special relationship with the Central Bank and Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Trade and Market Iraq Stock Exchange, and in that the objectives of:
1. reducing its administrative system by merging ministries and all bodies above, and thus the pressure of administrative positions, and to get rid of their privileges, and the consequent pressure for expenses significantly while maintaining the specialized economy, trade, investment and money only cadres .. At least developed leadership of staff, and recycling the rest of the staff to the branches to be established by the Ministry of economic transformation or the Ministry of Economy, all according to its competence.
2. The unification of the source of economic decision-making region of only one, instead of a multiplicity of points of economic decision-making.
3. Ensure greater efficiency in the Iraqi economy management through the adoption of an economic sound thought, based on uncontrolled market economy framework institutional, in the interests of everyone, and ensures social justice at the same time, and this is what Iraq needs in light of the economic reform period, we can not remain dependent on State, as a sponsor and employer, and it is responsible for carrying all economic problems and is concerned with economic development, it should be the withdrawal of the state to exercise their roles as in developed countries, namely:
(a) defense and external and internal security.
(b) legislation and law enforcement.
C- control and supervision of the functioning of economy market, providing institutional frameworks guarantor of social justice .. any that do not leave the market economy works without controls.
and be that public body or the ministry, one of the pillars of the Iraqi state, and a condition of existence and continuity, and is working on two aspects:
first: External cares relations foreign economic, and attention to every economic reform with international economic institutions programs (the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, World Trade Organization), as well as with regional and international financial institutions, and conduct large-scale training operations, regarding the application of economic reform programs, and the introduction of ad hoc experts transformation and economic reform .
II: Internal assume foreign and national private sector and public internal financial affairs and trade investment affairs, as well as the adoption of privatization file management, and to all sectors, and to serve the economic reform and the advancement of the Iraqi economy.
Here, we emphasize the three things very important to support the ministry or body of economic transformation proposed:
1. The establishment of the Supreme Economic Court:
is that the task of the court for the success of the work of the economic transition in Iraq, Vtad economic institutionalization of specialized, regulate economic behavior for all those in charge of managing economic, financial, trade and investment affairs inside Iraq, or conflict resolution and the resolution of issues that arise with external parties deal with Iraq, and this kind of exist in developed countries, the courts, and is one of improving the competitiveness of the economy at the global level factors, and we propose that includes specialized judges economic and commercial law, international economic law and corporate law exclusively, and that Iraq was now suffering from a shortage of specialized personnel Economic law, also call for the establishment of specialized academic numbers economists or open a branch of judges within the High Judicial Institute, to prepare the cadres of her, and knowledge of economic matters and international economic relations, financial and investment matters and international economic law, including the World Trade Organization Law and decades of international investment, and other Specialized Economic contracts.
2. Create financial Court:
it suggested activating the work of the existing financial services Court with the Central Bank of Iraq, and the expansion of its work, or other establishment of a specialized only financial and accounting matters to internal and external level, and also holds, the task of reviewing all financial and administrative corruption .. Whether the corruption of power elites (the President, Prime Minister, Cabinet members, heads of provincial councils, provincial council members, and all members of the House of Representatives and the Directors General in the Ministries of State and its institutions), as well as bureaucratic corruption (staff without the degree of general manager), and that are integrated circles of the Inspector General, and the departments of Financial Supervision, and the Integrity Commission) to be under the responsibility of that court, and that's where the feminine government to work also pressure for positions and privileges, and reduce the circle of responsibility, rather than dispersion and Atralha.
3. re-examine all the legislation and laws:
the relevant Iraqi economy and adjusted serve economic reform in Iraq exclusively, and the enactment of new laws call it economic transformation laws, in order to conform with international laws, especially the World Trade Organization, and the laws of tax evasion cross-border, and the laws of the international financial institutions, and the laws of the electronic international settlements and foreign investment laws and the laws of financial markets, trade, and corporate laws foreign, and other laws without which it can not be for Iraq to achieve the transformation the expeditious to a market economy, and can be used international agencies and organizations specializing in this area.
Therefore, the Ministry or the body economic transformation completed the basic pillars of Palmassatah, which includes the (rules of the game), a sound economic thought and economic legislation, trade and investment, financial, tax, laws and customs ... etc.), and programs and general economic controls and regulations and policies, and all these things will be an officer of the behavior of economic players within the Iraqi economy or external ..soa players were governments, companies or the business community or organizations and institutions of investment and financing international, as well as the other corner of the Supreme Economic Court, and the last corner is the financial court, all of that would be a real guarantee for the success of economic reforms in Iraq, and here we have the senior managers of economic reform framework institutional officer for the behavior of those in charge of the management of the Iraqi economy, and an officer of the movement reactions The three economic (trade, investment and finance).
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