The first part
When he discovered Abdul Malik bin Marwan Byzantine coins that contain phrases states triangulation, which is contrary to the doctrine of Islam, collection and consulted his friends, one of them said to him:
"You know the opinion and advice, but you ignored it."
He said: What ???
He said: Baqir born of the Messenger of Allah (r)
He said: ratified .... But I thought that sacked for it ...
Ordered to carry Baqir (AS) from the city, and when he came Baqir peace be upon him and advised him to instrument KD AED two Arab
Currency is a form of national sovereignty and economic and monetary expression of this sovereignty and dimensions of all Matnih that sovereignty of practical and conceptual meanings.
Therefore, the initial stages of any configuration to announcing independence and are being issued in the private money that State, and then is a political decision to give the identity of that State on:
Fiscal and monetary transactions
Generalize this "National Instrument" and bind the parties worked in the economy to use, and this depends on the strength and credibility of this instrument, both Mrhonan political situation of that State and durability Aqsadha.
Hence we know how serious criticism and sensitivity, especially since we know and are intuitive that money:
A measure of the value of
A means of exchange
The way to save
Thus, the issuance of the currency is a sovereign decision, first and last, and then the currency target is a target for the sovereignty of the nation and Qguamtha and political disruption and the credibility of values, something which affects the process of evaluating all the activities of the economy and related activities by the joints of daily life, from the simplest of these details and finishes Baakdha and most complex, especially that it is the relationship that state with the outside world.
From here, the damage left behind by forgery or counterfeiting mechanisms, including:
The impact on the country's reputation and tourist commercially and financially, whether at home or abroad.
Destabilize the mutual trust between sellers and traders of investors and reduce the trade process.
Loss of confidence among investors that the economy, both in existing within that country or coming to establish their projects at home and thus depriving the country of an important service projects were cut from the needs of the people for these projects, according to the parties, whether the investor or country that embraces the money ,. As well as the currency to lose its prestige and value of purchasing
The above shows that counterfeiting is targeted for the national economy and even national security threat hits directly and therefore is in the tougher economic sabotage crimes ferocity and most of what the death of its impact on the direct economic variables.
According to some specialists need to enter counterfeiting in counter political crimes, and decide to return to the crime officer to distinguish among these crimes, and this officer is governed by Mzhban namely: -
Doctrine Profile: which takes into account the motive to commit the crime, if it was a political crime was political, and so if the emitter offender politically counterfeiting, considered this crime, political, as happened in World War II, when the deployment of the Germans in the country hostile to them markets of pounds and dollars US counterfeit order to destroy the economies and policies of these countries.
And substantive doctrine: which of course takes interest abused, political crime undermine the political system of the state at home and abroad, which is considered inherently purely political crime, and out of the scope of counterfeiting crimes.
The crime of counterfeiting has some characteristics of the most important she crimes against public trust because it is located on its own editors and distinct from other crimes ways and means followed by the perpetrators to carry out their crimes.
We find forgers and counterfeiters resort to the latest in science to tamper with the contents of those documents, and change the truth and deal with it properly.
What is currency counterfeiting or money: -
Counterfeiting issue, "it is not a legitimate source," a mirror image of something here: money, with the aim of fraud. Fisk and printing money, is the responsibility of national governments. Agreements between different countries to punish counterfeiters of currency all of them have been held. And take the international police organization (Interpol), much of the interest in the investigation of the global counterfeiters. Often Mataatkhz governments of the countries where counterfeiting measures necessary to eliminate it happens. And failure to take these actions, you may destroy the potential commercial success and all of falsity or adorned money circulation system in, or has brought fakes circulating money or counterfeit or issued or dabble deal or promoted by any means or any way, or making or acquired or possessed unduly all or some of its articles or counterfeiting or its means or instruments in bad faith machines.
What counterfeiting: -
Counterfeiting and securities fraud, is a crime of corruption and crimes of corruption in the earth ... a crime has negative effects on individuals and communities, and the multiple of these negative for this crime between economic effects effects, and social and political; destroying the economy, and instilled hatred and hatred between individuals and encourages crime ... and here was taking at the hands of these criminals is necessary.
To talk about counterfeiting and its effects, we must recognize the fact that money and divisions, and the money and types ... then look at the concept of counterfeiting and the nature of the interest collected by the criminalization of counterfeiting ...
The talk must revolves around the counterfeiting of money and paper, and securities (stocks, bonds, checks) and pictures of it, and ways to find out the fake is fake ones, comes to talk about the implications of this counterfeiting Vekshv for Khbayah, and means of prevention and punishment on him and promotion him, and bring interest of the people and the prevention of corrupting them the focus of Sharia law and the legitimacy of the law in the fight against counterfeiting and its people, the currency tradition is the currency of an example of the correct currency industry, is the synthesis of fake currency tradition of the coin is correct, ie, similar in shape and weight and size, as an industry piece of metal bearing inscriptions The ferry itself and fees incurred by the correct coins official traded, or printed on similar papers to afford proper paper currency, both were using traditional techniques or modern, regardless of whether the counterfeit currency was similar to or does not completely similar to the right of where the metal or the type of currency paper or in terms of weight or volume or value. Physical Valrkin in crime tradition of criticism is the industry criticism is incorrect to be an example of true criticism, it makes no difference whether the tradition of proficient or little proficiency or primitive, because what counts is the similarity between the right Cash and cash snob, and that this similarity is sufficient to manipulation one him.
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