Ahmed Mohammed al-Zubaidi
In light of the changes that have occurred in Iraq after 2003, and with the increasing need to set legal legislation compatible and consistent with the political, economic and social changes taking place in Iraq, one of the pressing issues highlight the issue of the Iraqi consumer protection, which is increasingly important, especially after the Iraqi market has become open on global markets in an unprecedented way, and are imported from various global impulse goods invade the Iraqi market is dramatically Nzer.adafah to weak oversight at the local product in general, which is also suffering from the lack of some local products to the terms of durability, safety and quality.
That consumer protection is a kind of government regulation, which works to protect the interests of consumers, but it has embarked on the laws governing this process, which is in the end the citizen Almsthlk.oukd service issued in many countries of the world's consumer protection laws, aimed at reducing the phenomena of fraud and fraud, and protect consumers from these phenomena, and punish those who carried out the strongest possible sanctions in order to preserve citizens' health and safety and the safety of his family members.
In the example of Iraq was issued in 2010 No. 1 Consumer Protection Act of 2010, and came in the text of the law, it is aimed at:
First - to ensure basic consumer rights and protection of illegal practices that lead to the damage done
Secondly - raise the level of consumer awareness.
Thirdly - prevent all the work violates the rules of the import, production or marketing of goods or detract from the benefits or lead to mislead the consumer.
The above shows that the legislature has taken it upon himself when he launched the Consumer Protection Act, the health and the appropriate environment in which to import and marketing of commodities are providing and then consumed, and thus can ensure the rights of the consumer that gets integrated Item Specifications.
I talked Article IV of this Act for the formation of the Consumer Protection Council, and the Council is composed according to the law of the head of an experienced and efficient in matters related to consumer protection and holds a university degree, at least preliminary, and also composed of:
Rank of director members representing the following agencies:
1. The Ministry of Industry and Minerals.
2. Department of Commerce.
3. Ministry of Health.
4. Ministry of Agriculture.
5. The Ministry of Communications.
(B) the members of the highly expert representing the following agencies:
1. The Ministry of Environment.
2. The General Directorate of Customs.
4. Central Agency for Standardization and Quality Control.
(C) a representative from the following agencies:
1. Iraqi Federation of Industries.
2. Union of Chambers of Commerce of Iraq.
3. One of the agricultural societies.
(D) three members representing the private sector.
Thus, the law fielded almost all government institutions, which are relevant to the issue of the Iraqi consumer protection and this shows the maturity and comprehensiveness of this law, and all that is in the interest of the consumer and is the target of this law.
Then the law speaks in Article V of it, all functions of the Council is the most important policies and programs of action to ensure consumer protection mode, and here requires it short pause, in fact extra effort for the command needs that are activated on the ground policies to consumer protection, what we are seeing in the market reality Iraq now there are many imported goods that devoid of the slightest health conditions, durability and safety requirements of, and this is due to the absence of a regulatory system effectively, and here requires it to enrich the articles of the law by new paragraphs expansion of the Council of consumer protection tasks, and give it greater powers and authority to exercise a broad role in addressing abuses on the issue of consumer protection.
Discussed in Article VI of the law consumer rights and prove to the consumer rights to get all the information concerning the protection of legitimate rights and interests, and by obtaining full information on the specifications of goods and how to use and guarantees for goods that require the nature of such a guarantee, as this article gave the right of the consumer to claim before the courts for compensation for the damage that may be caused by a lack of access to that information about the goods.
This is what counted in favor of the law, and is directly linked to one of the Council of consumer protection tasks set by Article V of the Act which is to raise the level of consumer awareness, presence of consumer conscious and discreet, distancing him the damage caused by the consumption of goods that might be in the example of food commodities has ended the period of validity is no longer unfit for human consumption, and this avoids the consumer great damage to Sahth.ohma applies to all kinds of goods according to each individual Tabiath.tord Article VII of the law and the duties of the supplier and the advertiser in the provision of information, data and specifications of goods and components of the product, and a commitment to standard specifications to determine the quality of the goods, and here is not about It's consumer protection imported goods but also manufactured goods nation-wide, which could see some cases of industrial fraud.
In Article IX, the law sets out a series of prohibitions that should be avoided by the supplier and the advertiser is the most important exercise of fraud and deception to hide the fact that the constituent commodities materials, or prevent inspection committees of the exercise of their work, and other practices practiced by some of the weak people for their marketing and promotion of their wares whether locally manufactured or imported from different Mnashye of global markets.
In Article X law specifies sanctions against anyone who violates the articles of this law, and states:
First, punishable by imprisonment for a term of not less than (3) months or a fine of not less than (1,000,000) dinars, or both Any person who violates the provisions of Article (9) of the Act.
Second, punishable by imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or a fine of not more than (1,000,000) million dinars, or both Any person who violates the provisions of articles (8.7) of the Act.
Third: Detective gives for any crime punishable by law, this financial reward of not less than (100,000) dinars and not more than (1,000,000) dinars paid from the relevant that is in front of her telling If your news led to the conviction of the perpetrator and the acquisition of decision-degree bits.
That consumer protection is an important national rests with everyone, what we are seeing all of the increase in cases of fraud and fraud on the consumer that require effective control policy prevents all tempted to damage the health of citizens as well as the provision for consumption purposes of income, when it is drained in spending on shoddy goods or characterized by quality and be perishables not bear to work in environmental conditions that the advantage of Iraq from the rest of At.oimkn put some observations about the Consumer Protection Act No. 1 of 2010, including:
1. The version of this law in itself represents a legislative important step for taking notice as well as a vital and important aspects of the lives of the Iraqi capita, and therefore what is needed from the media that shed light on the law and know the citizens of its provisions, service to their interests and to preserve the health and financial resources.
2. requires the legislature to enrich those paragraphs of the law relating to the functions of inspection committees, especially, in order to increase its oversight role and expand its functions larger.
3. occupies the subject of sanctions contained in the law is an important aspect in achieving the purpose and goal of the enactment of this Act, those targets set out in the preamble to the law:
In order to protect consumers and the adoption of the principle of justice and equality between the processors and consumers of goods and recipients of services and maintain their health and safety and to reduce industrial fraudulent practices and manipulation of the process of packaging and industrial packaging and is listed by the data and specifications.
The severe punishment of the crime does not always have is the right and proper way to eliminate crime, however, the presence of reduced penalties Some may be tempted to repeat the offense, Tmla them in order to obtain greater benefits because of it, so what is needed to tighten sanctions contained in the law to limit you are in a strong deterrent for anyone who wants to manipulate and damage to the health and well-being of citizens.
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